A standard international 52-card deck is used. The optimum number of players is 6 or 7. Sviten Special is preferably, and in its original format, played as pot limit.
As in any form of poker, the cards are shuffled. The structure when it comes to blinds, order of betting and the way the communal cards are dealt are identical to ordinary Texas Hold'em and Omaha.
The player to the dealer's left places the small blind and the player to the small blind's left places the big blind. The dealer then deals five cards to each player, and there is a betting round, beginning with the player to the left of the big blind.
The dealer then deals a three-card flop face up to the table. There is a second round of betting in which the player to the left of the dealer acts first.
After the second betting round, each player can discard any number of cards - from zero to five - and receives an equal number of replacement cards from the dealer, as in five card draw poker. In the case a player chose to discard 1 card then a special rule kicks in.
The dealer gives the card open faced to the player in question who then has the option to either:
a) accept that card which now all players have seen and can estimate the player's hand strength; or
b) decline that card upon which the dealer mucks the card and delivers the next card in order face down to the player in question.
If the deck runs out at this point the muck (consisting of earlier players' discards, and the cards of any players who folded in the first betting round) is shuffled to form a new deck from which to deal replacement cards to the later players. It should be noted that the discards of the players still to receive their cards should not be included in the reshuffled deck so they cannot get back the card(s) they discarded.
The dealer deals one card (the turn card) face up to the table. There is a third round of betting beginning with the player to the left of the dealer.
Finally the dealer deals a fifth face up card (the river) to the table, and there is a fourth round of betting beginning with the player to the left of the dealer.
If any betting round results in all players but one folding, the last surviving player immediately takes the pot without showing any cards, and this ends the hand.
If more than one player survives the final round of betting, all surviving players show their cards, and the pot is split between:
The best five-card poker hand (considering only the five cards held by the player)
The best Omaha hand, formed of exactly two of the players cards and exactly three of the face up cards on the table.
Normal poker hand ranking applies. It is of course possible for the same player to win on both criteria, and take the whole pot. However, it is common for the pot to be split.